The Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved $21.02 billion in financing operations last year, according to ADB’s 2013 Annual Report, released ahead of its 47th annual meeting of the Board of Governors to be held on May 2–5 in Astana, Kazakhstan.
The substantial lending volume reflects the Asia and Pacific region’s continued need for development assistance, despite impressive growth and poverty reduction efforts in recent years.
The report also noted that an estimated 733 million people in the region still live on less than $1.25-a-day, and the gap between rich and poor is widening.
Of the financing total, $14.375 billion came from ADB’s ordinary capital resources and Special Funds, and $6.648 billion from cofinancing partners.
With much of the region vulnerable to climate change and natural hazards, the theme of the report is environmentally sustainable growth. It highlighted ADB’s work to develop sustainable infrastructure, manage critical ecosystems, respond to the effects of climate change, and support renewable electricity generation.
In 2013, ADB’s clean energy investments reached $2.35 billion.
After an earthquake and then Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) struck the Philippines in late 2013, claiming more than 6,000 lives, ADB provided nearly $900 million in assistance for immediate recovery efforts and long-term work to rebuild infrastructure like schools and clinics, and restore sources of income in rural communities.
Likewise, ADB approved country partnership strategies for Nepal, India, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Thailand; invested $2 billion for water sector projects; invested $644 million in education; approved two electricity generation projects totaling $1.07 billion in Pakistan; supported $575 million for economic and social reforms and debt relief in Myanmar; and lent up to $275 million loans to private companies in the People’s Republic of China to facilitate leases for ‘clean’ buses.
In addition, ADB continued to boost its efficiency and effectiveness in 2013, introducing initiatives to improve business processes, cut waste, fight corruption, streamline procurement, strengthen staff skills, and enhance its presence in developing member countries.